The Relationship between dental status, body mass index and nutrient intake

Roodabeh Koodaryan, Ali Hafezeqoran, Amin Nourizadeh, Alireza Ostad Rahimi, Moloud Ahmadian


Introduction: Nutrition is one of the basic requirements for growth and development. In all the age groups, good oral health is necessary for masticatory efficacy, sense of taste, deglutition, articulation and aesthetics. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between tooth loss and food intake in a group of middle aged population.

Materials and Methods: A total number of 200 participants with age range of 40-60 years were chosen and divided into four groups. The study population was classified into one of four groups by number of permanent teeth present. Required data for the study were gathered by interviews, oral and dental examinations, anthropometric measurements and 24-hour dietary recall. Data were analyzed statistically by descriptive methods, Variance test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Pearson’s chi-square test.

Results: Statistical analysis proved that, by controlling important confounding factors, individuals with more teeth had higher mean body mass index, weight, height, energy and nutrient intake compared to those with fewer teeth.

Conclusion: Food intake and nutritional status are associated with oral health status and number of teeth.


Key words: Body mass index; Food intake; Tooth loss  

Full Text:



De Andrade FB, De França Caldas Jr A, Kitoko PM. Relationship between oral health, nutrient intake and nutritional status in a sample of Brazilian elderly people. Gerodontology 2009;26:40-5.

Lamy M, Mojon P, Kalykakis G, Legrand R, Butz-Jorgensen E. Oral status and nutrition in the institutionalized elderly. Journal of dentistry 1999;27:443-8.

Sahyoun NR, Lin C-L, Krall E. Nutritional status of the older adult is associated with dentition status. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2003;103:61-6.

Marcenes W, Steele JG, Sheiham A, Walls AWG. The relationship between dental status, food selection, nutrient intake, nutritional status, and body mass index in older people. Cadernos de saude publica 2003;19:809-15.

Hutton B, Feine J, Morais J. Is there an association between edentulism and nutritional state? JOURNAL-CANADIAN DENTAL ASSOCIATION 2002;68:182-7.

Yoshihara A, Watanabe R, Nishimuta M, Hanada N, Miyazaki H. The relationship between dietary intake and the number of teeth in elderly Japanese subjects. Gerodontology 2005;22:211-8.

Wakai K, Naito M, Naito T, Kojima M, Nakagaki H, Umemura O, Yokota M, Hanada N, Kawamura T. Tooth loss and intakes of nutrients and foods: a nationwide survey of Japanese dentists. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology 2010;38:43-9.

Hung HC, Colditz G, Joshipura KJ. The association between tooth loss and the self‐reported intake of selected CVD‐related nutrients and foods among US women. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology 2005;33:167-73.

Chai J, Chu F, Chow TW, Shum NC, Hui WW. Influence of dental status on nutritional status of geriatric patients in a convalescent and rehabilitation hospital. International Journal of Prosthodontics 2006;19.

Hung H-C, Willett W, Ascherio A, Rosner BA, RIMM E, JOSHIPURA KJ. Tooth loss and dietary intake. The Journal of the American Dental Association 2003;134:1185-92.

Nowjack-Raymer R, Sheiham A. Numbers of natural teeth, diet, and nutritional status in US adults. Journal of dental research 2007;86:1171-5.

Hanioka T, Ojima M, Tanaka K, Aoyama H. Association of total tooth loss with smoking, drinking alcohol and nutrition in elderly Japanese: analysis of national database. Gerodontology 2007;24:87-92.

Krall E, Hayes C, Garcia R. How dentition status and masticatory function affect nutrient intake. The Journal of the American Dental Association 1998;129:1261-9.

Rathee M, Hooda A. Nutritional Status In Denture Wearers: A Review. Internet Journal of Nutrition & Wellness 2011;10.

Joshipura KJ, Willett W, Douglass C. The impact of edentulousness on food and nutrient intake. The Journal of the American Dental Association 1996;127:459-67.

Sheiham A, Steele J, Marcenes W, Finch S, Walls A. The relationship between oral health status and body mass index among older people: a national survey of older people in Great Britain. British dental journal 2002;192:703-6.

Leake JL. An index of chewing ability. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 1990;50:262-7.

Wayler AH, Chauncey HH. Impact of complete dentures and impaired natural dentition on masticatory performance and food choice in healthy aging men. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry 1983;49:427-33.

Willett WC. Diet and health: what should we eat? Science (New York, NY) 1994;264:532-7.

Rauen MS, Moreira EAM, Calvo MCM, Lobo AS. Oral condition and its relationship to nutritional status in the institutionalized elderly population. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2006;106:1112-4.

Ka S, Hb AM, ARc I. Association between functional dentition with inadequate calorie intake and underweight in elderly people living in “Pondok” in Kelantan. Archives of orofacial Sciences 2007;2:10-9.

Johansson I, Tidehag P, Lundberg V, Hallmans G. Dental status, diet and cardiovascular risk factors in middle‐aged people in northern Sweden. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology 1994;22:431-6.

Sheiham A, Steele J, Marcenes W, Lowe C, Finch S, Bates C, Prentice A, Walls A. The relationship among dental status, nutrient intake, and nutritional status in older people. Journal of dental research 2001;80:408-13.

Tanaka K, Miyake Y, Sasaki S, Ohya Y, Matsunaga I, Yoshida T, Hirota Y, Oda H. Relationship between intake of vegetables, fruit, and grains and the prevalence of tooth loss in Japanese women. Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology 2007;53:522-8.

Ritchie CS, Joshipura K, Hung H-C, Douglass CW. Nutrition as a mediator in the relation between oral and systemic disease: associations between specific measures of adult oral health and nutrition outcomes. Critical Reviews in Oral Biology & Medicine 2002;13:291-300.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine