The Relationship between Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Metabolic Syndrome

Tahmoores Abdollahian, Solmaz Pourzare Mehrbani, Paria Motahari


Metabolic syndrome or X syndrome includes a group of metabolic and non-metabolic disorders, that increase the risk of some disease. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in healthy subjects and patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) was conducted. In this cross-sectional study 33 patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis which were referred to Department of Oral Medicine of Tabriz dental school were studied. The inclusion criteria included consent to participates in the study, lack of underlying disease associated with RAS such as Behcet’s syndrome and lack of systemic diseases. RAS patients were examined in terms of risk of the metabolic syndrome and 33 age and sex matched healthy individuals were selected and examined in terms of risk of metabolic syndrome. Data samples from check list contain demographic and laboratory findings were collected. Results showed that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with RAS (21.2%) was significantly higher than in healthy people (9.1%). (p<0.05) Female percentage of RAS patients with metabolic syndrome were 71.4 and Male percentage of RAS patients with metabolic syndrome were 28.6. Given the high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with RAS, this syndrome can be considered as a risk factor for RAS.


Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis, Metabolic Syndrome, Blood Pressure

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