The Therapeutic Potential of Resveratrol in Gliomas

Seidu A. Richard

Abstract


Resveratrol (RSV) is found in most human foods especially fruits such as grapes, peanuts, strawberry, blueberry, cranberry, mulberry, lingberry, sparkleberry, bilberry and in flowers as well as leaves like butterfly orchid tree, eucalyptus, spruce, lily, gnetum and so many others. Functionally, RSV has the propensity to safeguard DNA as well as the induction of DNA repair. RSV is precipitously metabolized in the liver via phase-II detoxification enzymes leading to its principal urine excretion. RSV steered growth inhibition, induction of apoptosis and G0/G1-phase cell cycle arrest in an experiment involving glioma cells. RVS can block the triggering of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT3) signaling of glioma cells. RSV subdues STAT3 signaling via the inhibition of SRC or Janus kinase (JAK2) induction, thereby inducing growth inhibitory and apoptotic properties. RSV explicitly blocks both COX-1 and COX-2 in-vitro. In the cancer inflammatory milieu, the blockade effects of RSV on NF-κB could also lead to the blockade of TNF-α resulting in inhibition of cancer advancement as well as metastasis. Individually, RSV has proven to very potent in glioma cells. It is able to down-regulate glioma angiogenesis as well as metastasis. In combination with other agents, RVS augment its potency in glioma. RVS is able to cross the blood brain barrier (BBB) via gap junctions making it very efficient central nervous system medication. RVS after oral administration peaks in the blood stream after one hour meaning it acts very fast. This review focuses on the neuropharmacological role of RVS in glioma.

Keywords


Resveratrol, Glioma, Therapeutic, Angiogenesis, Metastasis, Grapes

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.2p.44

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