Systematic Review on Knowledge and Awareness of Breast Cancer and Risk Factors Among Young Women

Aeshah Hamdan Almutairi, Shamsul Bahri Bin Md Tamrin, Rahmita Wirza, Norliza Binti Ahmad

Abstract


Introduction: Breast cancer is considered the primary cancer to affect women according to the global context. Due to its crucial escalation, it has become vital to inform the general population regarding breast cancer symptoms, risk factors and earlier detection methods. The main aim of the present study is to conduct a systematic review of breast cancer and the risk factors affecting young adult women. Methods: A systematic literature review was carried out to garner global studies on breast cancer risk factors as well as to understand the degree to which breast cancer and its associated risk factors are understood. The primary study included the exploration of databases and journal websites, PubMed, Google Scholar and Medline. The articles studied for the review was focused on the printed original English articles from the year 2008 to December, 2017. This review highlights the necessity for further studies regarding knowledge of breast cancer and its risk factors among young adult women are understood. Conclusion: Knowledge about breast cancer and its risk factors among young women was inadequate. Furthermore, cultural sensitivities should be adjusted to ensure optimal awareness among the public, in particular teenagers and young adult women. Intensive educational campaigns should be planned to increase breast cancer awareness in order to minimize the observed deficit of knowledge. The role of prevention and procedures to screen breast examinations in clinics as well as mammography should all be highlighted in order to achieve these goals and obtain the required data.

Keywords


Breast cancer, Awareness, Knowledge, Risk factor, Young adults

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, et al. Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: sources, methods and major patterns in GLOBOCAN 2012. Int J cancer. 2015;136(5):E359–86.

Torre LA, Bray F, Siegel RL, Ferlay J, Lortet‐Tieulent J, Jemal A. Global cancer statistics, 2012. CA Cancer J Clin. 2015;65(2):87–108.

Sait WA, Al-Amoudi SM, Tawtai DA, Abduljabbar HS. The knowledge of breast cancer among young Saudi females. Saudi Med J. 2010;31(11):1242–4.

Anderson BO JR. Breast cancer issues in developing countries: an overview of the breast health global initiative. World J Surg. 2008;32:2579–85.

Mia MS. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Breast cancer Among Medical Students of Bangladesh: A Protocol Study. Centre for the Public Health; 2007.

Akinola R, Wright K, Osunfidiya O, Orogbemi O, Akinola O. Mammography and mammographic screening: are female patients at a teaching hospital in Lagos, Nigeria, aware of these procedures? Diagnostic Interv Radiol. 2011;17(2):125.

Saeed RS, Bakir YY, Ali LM. Are women in Kuwait aware of breast cancer and its diagnostic procedures. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15(15):6307–13.

Montazeri A, Vahdaninia M, Harirchi I, Harirchi AM, Sajadian A, Khaleghi F, et al. Breast cancer in Iran: need for greater women awareness of warning signs and effective screening methods. Asia Pac Fam Med. 2008;7(1):6.

Anderson BO, Yip C, Smith RA, Shyyan R, Sener SF, Eniu A, et al. Guideline implementation for breast healthcare in low‐income and middle‐income countries. Cancer. 2008;113(S8):2221–43.

Guvenc I, Guvenc G, Tastan S, Akyuz A. Identifying women’s knowledge about risk factors of breast cancer and reasons for having mammography. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(8):4191–7.

UK cancer research. Breast cancer incidence statistics. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-info/cancerstats/types/breast/incidence/#age,. 2012.

Ranasinghe HM, Ranasinghe N, Rodrigo C, Seneviratne RDA, Rajapakse S. Awareness of breast cancer among adolescent girls in Colombo, Sri Lanka: a school based study. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(1):1209.

Sociaty AC. Breast cancer Facts & Figures. American Cancer Society; 2007.

Peacey V, Steptoe A, Davídsdóttir S, Baban A, Wardle J. Low levels of breast cancer risk awareness in young women: an international survey. Eur J Cancer. 2006;42(15):2585–9.

Sambanje MN, Mafuvadze B. Breast cancer knowledge and awareness among university students in Angola. Pan Afr Med J. 2012;11(1).

Karayurt Ö, Özmen D, Çetinkaya AÇ. Awareness of breast cancer risk factors and practice of breast self examination among high school students in Turkey. BMC Public Health. 2008;8(1):359.

Karayurt Ö, Dicle A, Malak AT. Effects of peer and group education on knowledge, beliefs and breast self-examination practice among university students in Turkey. Turkish J Med Sci. 2009;39(1):59–66.

Ahmadian M, Samah AA. Application of health behavior theories to breast cancer screening among Asian women. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(7):4005–13.

Yousuf SA, Al Amoudi SM, Nicolas W, Banjar HE, Salem SM. Do Saudi nurses in primary health care centres have breast cancer knowledge to promote breast cancer awareness? Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(9):4459–64.

Ahmed HG, Ashankyty IM, Alshammeri KJK, Alrashedi SA. Assessment of Breast cancer Awareness Level among Saudi Medical Students. 2017;7(4):4–8.

Segni MT, Tadesse DM, Amdemichael R, Demissie HF. Breast self-examination: knowledge, attitude, and practice among female health science students at Adama Science and Technology University, Ethiopia. Gynecol Obs. 2016;6(368):932–2161.

Younis M, Al-Rubaye D, Haddad H, Hammad A, Hijazi M. Knowledge and Awareness of Breast cancer among Young Women in the United Arab Emirates. Adv Breast cancer Res. 2016;5(4):163.

Akhtari-Zavare M, Latiff LA, Juni MH, Said SM, Ismail IZ. Knowledge of Female Undergraduate Students on Breast cancer and Breast Selfexamination in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16(15):6231–5.

Liu L-Y, Wang F, Yu L-X, Ma Z-B, Zhang Q, Gao D-Z, et al. Breast cancer awareness among women in Eastern China: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):1004.

Akhtari-Zavare M, Ghanbari-Baghestan A, Latiff LA, Matinnia N, Hoseini M. Knowledge of breast cancer and breast self-examination practice among Iranian women in Hamedan, Iran. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15(16):6531–4.

Isara AR, Ojedokun CI. Knowledge of breast cancer and practice of breast self examination among female senior secondary school students in Abuja, Nigeria. J Prev Med Hyg. 2011;52(4).

Alrashidi AG, Ahmed HG, Alshammeri KJK, Alrashedi SA, ALmutlaq BA, Alshammari FNM, et al. Knowledge and Perceptions of Common Breast cancer Risk Factors in Northern Saudi Arabia. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev. 2017;18(10):2755–61.

Mumtaz Y, Iqbal N, Masood F, Raza L. Awareness Regarding Breast cancer a Global Health Problem-A Study amongst Adult Women in Karachi. Ann Abbasi Shaheed Hosp Karachi Med Dent Coll. 2017;22(2).

Peltzer K, Pengpid S. Awareness of breast cancer risk among female university students from 24 low, middle income and emerging economy countries. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15(18):7875.

Makanjuola OJ, Amoo PO, Ajibade BL, Makinde OY. Breast cancer: knowledge and practice of breast self examination among women in rural community of Ondo State, Nigeria. IOSR J Pharm Biol Sci. 2013;8(1):32–7.

Fotedar V, Seam RK, Gupta MK, Gupta M, Vats S, Verma S. Knowledge of risk factors & early detection methods and practices towards breast cancer among nurses in Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(1):117–20.

Amin TT, Al Mulhim AR, Al Meqihwi A. Breast cancer knowledge, risk factors and screening among adult Saudi women in a primary health care setting. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2009;10(1):133–8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine