A Comparison of the Relation of Depression, and Cognitive, Motor and Functional Deficits in Chronic Stroke Patients: A Pilot Study

Amin Ghaffari, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Bijan Forough

Abstract


Aim and background: One of the most important psychological disorders after stroke is depression, which leads to reduced quality of life, optimal rehabilitation failure, loss of cognitive tasks and decrease in the recovery process. In this research, relation between patterns of depression and cognitive, motor and function deficits in people with chronic stroke was studied. Methods and materials: In a pilot cross-sectional study, 40 patients with chronic stroke (more than 6 months) were enrolled. Depression (Beck Depression Inventory), cognition (attention test TMT-A & B and Wechsler memory), motor (Motorcity index), basic activities of daily living (Barthel scale) and instrumental activities of daily living (Lawton scale) were evaluated. Results: The results of the study revealed a significant positive correlation between post stroke depression and verbal memory (r=0.440،P<.05), attention (r=0.615،P<.05), motor function(r-0.368،P<.05), independence in basic activities of daily living (r=0.781،P<.05) and instrumental activities of daily living (r=0.741, P<.05). Conclusion: According to the findings, further studies of factors affecting post stroke depression (PSD) clinical and practical aspects are necessary. Cognitive rehabilitation programs with motor rehabilitation can decrease depression and gain independence in activities of daily living and more participation in society activities.


Keywords


Depression; Cognitive deficits; Motor deficits; Functional deficits; Chronic stroke

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.abcmed.17.05.04.01

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