Demographic study of patients with vertebral column trauma in North-West of Iran trauma center

Samad Shams Vahdati, Ozgur Tatli, Seyedpouya Paknejad, Neda Parnianfard, Ali Aygun

Abstract


Background: Spinal Traumatic injuries is the major damage which is associated with morbidity and mortality rates. In this study the epidemiological characteristics of trauma, spine and their relationship to outcome were investigated. Methods: In this cross sectional study, patients’ information such as age, sex, type of injury, severity of injury, site of injury trauma who admitted to Imam Reza hospital from 29 march 2012 to 20 march 2014 were included. We used Chi-square tests to compare the types of injuries associated with the injury and regression methods. Results: The spinal trauma was identified in 105 cases, of which 9/61% were male. 1.18% of patients with incomplete injury, 5/10% 4/71% damage and no injuries were full. 6/48% of vehicle accidents, 22 cases (21%) of motorcycle accidents, 14 cases  3/13% due to the fall, the equivalent of 10 5/9% of pedestrian accidents, the equivalent of 5 7/4% injury 3 people with a knife and the rest of 9/2% were due to other causes. 6 people, equivalent to 2/9% were experiencing mortality. Type of injury, site of injury and injury severity was significantly associated with outcome. Conclusion: accidents caused by motor vehicles (cars and motorcycles) are the most common cause of trauma in spines in our country. Three factors as well as stable or unstable trauma, the severity of the initial injury and the injury as factors influencing outcome were obtained. According to the achievement of the emergency department in the early diagnosis, appropriate management such as surgery in preventing complications and improving outcome becomes more clear.


Keywords


Trauma; Spine;

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.abcmed.17.05.01.04

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