Efficacy of Microwave Disinfection on Moist and Dry Dental Stone Casts with Different Irradiation Times

Mahmood Robati Anaraki, Mohammad Taghi Akhi, Tahereh Pirzadeh, Elnaz Moslehifard, Hamed Ghanati, Amin Mosavi, Azin Khorramdel


Objectives: Dental practice contains the use of instruments and multiuse items that should be sterilized or disinfected properly. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of microwave irradiation on dental stone cast disinfection in moist and dry condition.

Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, 76 stone casts were prepared by a sterile method. The casts were contaminated by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 9027), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538), Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) as well as Candida albicans (ATCC 10231). Half the samples were dried for two hours and the other half was studied while still moist. The samples were irradiated by a household microwave at 600 W for 3, 5 and 7 minutes. The microorganisms on the samples were extracted by immersion in tryptic soy broth and .001 ml of that was cultured in nutrient agar media, incubated overnight and counted and recorded as colony forming unit per milliliter (CFU/mL).

Results: The findings showed that microorganisms reduced to 4.87 logarithm of CFU/mL value on dental cast within seven minutes in comparison with positive control. Although microbial count reduction was observed as a result of exposure time increase, comparison between moist and dried samples showed no significant difference.

Conclusions: Seven-minute microwave irradiation at 600 W can effectively reduce the microbial load of dental stone casts. Wetting the casts does not seem to alter the efficacy of irradiation.


Keywords: Microwave Disinfection; Dental Stone Casts; Irradiation Times

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