Deixis in Spontaneous Speech of Jordanian Urban Arabic Native Speakers

Zainab Sa'aida


This study aims at describing types and usages of deixis in the speech of Jordanian Urban Arabic native speakers. The present study was conducted in different settings which researcher’s family members, friends, colleagues, and acquaintances took part in. Data of the study were collected through observing spontaneous speech of native speakers of Jordanian Urban Arabic. The data consist of transcriptions of deictic expressions, which were categorised into groups according to the types or usages of deictic words. The data were translated and transliterated by the researcher. The International Phonetic Alphabet symbols were used to transcribe the data. Findings of the study show that there are five types of deictic expressions in Jordanian Urban Arabic: Personal, spatial, temporal, discourse and social deixis. The current study has also described the various usages of deictic words in Jordanian Urban Arabic: gestural, symbolic, and non-deictic usage.  



Deixis, categories of deictic expressions, usages of deictic expressions, Jordanian Urban Arabic

Full Text:



Al-Aqarbeh, R. (2015). Temporal interpretation in Standard and Jordanian Arabic. Dirasat: Human & Social Sciences, 42 (3), 999-1026.

Anderson, S. & Edward L. (1985). Deixis. In T. Shopen (Ed.), Language Typology and Syntactic Description, 3, (pp. 259-308). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Comrie, B. (1985). Tense. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Diessel, H. (1999). Demonstratives: Form, function, and grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Diessel, H. (2012). Deixis and demonstratives. In C. Maienborn, K. von Heusinger & P. Portner (Eds.), Semantics (HSK 33.3) (pp. 1-25), De Gruyter.

Fillmore, C. (1971). Towards a theory of deixis. Working papers in linguistics. Hawaii: University of Hawaii.

Fillmore, C. (1975). Santa Cruz lectures on deixis. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

Fillmore, C. (1997). Lectures on Deixis. Stanford: CSLI Publications.

Jarbou, S. (2010). Accessibility vs. physical proximity: An analysis of exophoric demonstrative practice in Spoken Jordanian Arabic. Journal of Pragmatics, 42, 3078–3097.

Levinson, S. (1979). Pragmatics and social deixis: Reclaiming the notion of conventional implicature. Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 206-223.

Levinson, S. (1983). Pragmatics . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Levinson, S. (2004). Deixis. In L. Horn & G. Ward, The handbook of pragmatics (pp. 97-121). Oxford: Blackwell.

Lyons, J. (1968). Introduction to theoretical linguistics. London: Cambridge University Press.

Lyons, J. (1977). Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nunberg, G. (1998). Indexicality and deixis. In A. Kasher (Ed.), Pragmatics: Critical concepts (pp. 145-184). London: Routledge.

Sa’aida, Z. (2015). Aspects of the phonology of English loanwords in Jordanian Urban Arabic: A distinctive feature, moraic, and metrical stress analysis (Unpublished PhD thesis). University of Leeds, UK.

Sa’aida, Z. (2016). Expanding the lexicon: The case of Jordanian Arabic. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 7(6), 9-14.

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2022 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.