EFL Learners’ Perception toward an Outdoor Learning Program

Candra Hadi Asmara, Khoirul Anwar, Ribeh Najib Muhammad


The aim of this study was to investigate EFL learners’ perception of an outdoor learning program, called English Scout Organization which was developed to strengthen their students’ interests in learning English at secondary school. For this purpose, the 20 secondary school students in YPI Darussalam Cerme Gresik, Indonesia, were given questionnaires related to the intervention program. The program was designed for sixteen sessions with the activities including simple jigsaw, drilling, and group work activities which were scheduled in a weekly program. The students were tested in the eighth session (One Day Big English Competition) and in the sixteenth session (English Camp). These two steps of evaluations were employed to check the effectiveness of the implementation and the process of all the scheduled programs and to measure students’ participation levels. Based on the analysis of the data collected, it was found that they enjoyed the English Scout Program both individually and in groups. They indicated that they enjoyed non-formal activities especially playing games, competitions, and adventures and their interests towards English learning were also strengthened during the implementation of the program.

Keywords: Outdoor Learning Program, English Scout Program, Students’ Interest

Full Text:



Ahat, R. (2013). Motivation, gender, and learner performance of English as an L3 in the Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region. English Language Teaching, 6(9), 158–167

Ajibade, Y., & Ndububa, K. (2008). Effects of word games, culturally relevant songs, and stories on students’ motivation in a Nigerian English language class. TESL Canada Journal, 25(2), 27–48

Allen, H. W. (2010). Language learning motivation during short-term study abroad: An activity theory perspective. Foreign Language Annals, 43(1), 27–49.

Anwar, K. (2000). Developing English Syllabus for Animal Husbandry School in Muhammadiyah University of Malang. Unpublished Thesis: Postgraduate Programme, State University of Malang.

Anwar, K. (2015). A Constructive Teaching Model in Learning Research Concept for English Language Teaching Students. International Education Studies, 8(5), 62-68, http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ies.v8n5p62

Anwar, K. & Husniah, R. (2016). Evaluating Integrated Task Based Activities and Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL). English Language Teaching, 9(4), 119-127, http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/elt.v9n4p119

Al-Tamimi, A., & Shuib, M. (2009). Motivation and attitudes towards learning English: A study of petroleum engineering undergraduates at Hadhramout University of Sciences and Technology. GEMA: Online Journal of Language Studies, 9(2), 29-55.

Arifani, Y. (2016a). The Implementation of Team-Based Discovery Learning to Improve Students’ Ability in Writing Research Proposal. International Education Studies. 9(2), 111-119, http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ies.v9n2p111

Arifani, Y. (2016b). Optimizing EFL Learners’ Sensitizing Reading Skill: Development of Local Content-Based Textbook. English Language Teaching. 9(5). 1-7, http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/elt.v9n5p1

Beames, S., Atencio, M. & Ross, H. (2009) Taking excellence outdoors. Scottish Educational review, 41(2), 32-41

Bernaus, & Gardner. (2008). Teacher Motivation Strategies, Student Perceptions, Student Motivation, and English Achievement. The Modern Language Journal, 92(iii).

Bernaus, Wilson, & Gardner. (2009). Teachers’ motivation, classroom strategy use, students’ motivation and second language achievement. JPOOSRÉT AM LAINNUGEULA VRUEMZ 12, junio 2009. Retrieved from http://www.ugr.es

Campbell, E., &Storch, N. (2011). The changing face of motivation: A study of second language learner’ motivation over time. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 34(2), 166–192.

DCSF, (2007), Effective practice: outdoor learning, Nottingham, Department for Children, Schools and Families. Retrieved on 6 March 2012 at www.urbanforestschool.co.uk/PDF/3_3b_ep.pdf

Dillon, J, Morris, M, O’Donnell, L, Reid, A., Rickinson, M. & Scott, W. (2005). Engaging and Learning with the Outdoors: The Final Report of the Outdoor Classroom in a Rural Context Action Research Project, Reading, NFER. Available at www.bath.ac.uk/cree/resources/OCR.pdf [accessed 6 March 2012]

Dornyei, Z. (2005). The Psychology of the Language Learner: Individual Differences in Second LanguageAcquisition. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers

Gill, T, (2009). No Fear: Growing up in a risk-averse society, London, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation.

Guo, S. (2011). Impact of an Out-of-class Activity on Studentsʼ English Awareness, Vocabulary, and Autonomy. Language Education in Asia, 2(2), 246-256. http://dx.doi.org/10.5746/LEiA/11/V2/I2/A07/Guo

McGriff, S.J. (2000). Instructional System Design (ISD) Using the ADDIE Model, retrieved from www.ehopac.org., on June 20, 2010.

OFSTED. (2008). Learning outside the classroom: how far should you go? Retrieved from www.ofsted.gov.uk/Ofsted-home/Publications-and-research/Browse-all-by/Documents-by-type/Thematic-reports/Learning-outside-the-classroom

Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods. London: Sage Publications.

Perrotta, C., Featherstone, G., Aston, H., & Houghton, E. (2013). Game-based Learning: Latest Evidence and Future Directions (NFER Research Programme: Innovation in Education). Slough: NFER.

Porritt, J., Hopkins, D., Birney A., & Reed, J. (2009). Every child’s future: leading the way, Nottingham, National College.

Pound, L, (2005). How Children Learn: From Montessori to Vygotsky: Educational Theories and Approaches Made Easy, London, Step Forward Publishing Ltd

QCDA. (2010). The aims of the curriculum. Retrieved from http://curriculum.qcda.gov.uk/uploads/Curriculum%20aims_tcm8-15741.pdf

Reza, M., & Hossein. (2013). The Role of EFL Teachers in Increasing High School Students’ Motivation in Classroom. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(10).

Sánchez M., M., M., Morfín A., P., & Campos V., E., P. (2007). Interactive games in the teaching-learning process of a foreing language. Teoría y Praxis 4, 47-66.

Scott, W. & Gough, S. (2003).Sustainable Development and Learning: Framingthe Issues. London: RoutledgeFalmer.

Sugiyono. 2011. Metode Penelitian Kuatitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Vivian, W. U., & Marek. (2010). Making English a “Habit”: Increasing Confidence, Motivation. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 9(4).

Wollmann, H. (2003), Evaluation in Public-Sector Reform. Towards a third wave of evaluation, In H. Wollmann ed., Evaluation in Public-Sector Reform, (pp. 1-11), Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

You, C. & Dornyei, Z. (2014). Language Learning Motivation in China: Results of a Large-Scale Stratified Survey. Applied Linguistics.doi:10.1093/applin/amu046

Zulganef. (2006). Pemodelan Persamaan Struktur dan Aplikasinya menggunakan AMOS 5. Bandung: Pustaka.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2022 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies  

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.