Unmasking the enduring legacies of apartheid in South Africa through Phaswane Mpe’s Welcome to Our Hillbrow

Malesela Edward Montle

Abstract


Prior to the dispensation of democracy in South Africa, the country was presided by a system of apartheid that perpetuated colonial policies that discriminated against non-white (South) Africans. Nevertheless, the democratic jurisdiction dethroned and succeeded the apartheid regime in 1994. This galvanised South Africa to undergo a political transition from segregation (autocracy) to peace, equality and unity (democracy). The political emancipation engineered a shift of identity and also made a clarion call for South Africans to subscribe to a democratic identity branded by oneness and harmony. However, as South Africa sought to redress herself, it unearthed appalling remnants of the apartheid past. Twenty-seven years since democracy took reigns in South Africa, the country is still haunted by the horrors of the past. It is the apartheid government that has bred hegemonic delinquencies that encumber the South African society from extricating herself from discriminatory identities such as racial tension, division, inequality and socio-economic crises. This qualitative study sought to scrutinise the vestiges of apartheid in South Africa. It has hinged on the literary appreciation of Phaswane Mpe’s Welcome to Our Hillbrow, which reflects on the menace that the enduring legacies of apartheid pose to livelihoods in the democratic period. Mpe’s post-apartheid novel is chosen for this study by virtue of its exposure and protest against apartheid influence in the newly reconstructed democratic South African society. Scholarly attention has been satisfactorily paid to the implementation of socio-economic transformation in the country, however, there seems to be an inadequate scholarship to explore the pretexts or the genesis of socio-economic transformation setbacks, which this study aims to unmask.

Keywords


Apartheid, Corruption, Democracy, Inequality, Post-apartheid, Poverty

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adams, B. (2012). Rhyming Youth With Death: What we might learn from HI VIA IDS fiction in South Africa, Cape Town: University of Cape Town.

Cautfied, J. (2020). A quick guide to textual analysis. https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/textual-analysis. Accessed: 2021/07/04.

Conway, D. (2009). Queering Apartheid: The National Party’s 1987 ‘Gay Rights’ Election Campaign in Hillbrow, Journal of Southern African Studies, 35(4), 849-863.

Crush, J. (2008). The Perfect Storm: The Realities of Xenophobia in Contemporary South Africa, Migration Policy Series, 50 (1), 1-67.

DeFranzo, S. (2020). What’s the difference between qualitative and quantitative research? https://www.snapsurveys.com/blog/qualitative-vs-quantitative-research/Accessed: 2021/07/04.

Green, M. (2005) Translating the Nation: Phaswane Mpe and the Fiction of Post-apartheid, Scrutiny2: Issues in English Studies in Southern Africa, 10 (1), 3-16.

Hassan, R. (2011). Identity Construction in Post-apartheid South Africa: the Case of the Muslim Community. Doctoral thesis. Edinburg: University of Edinburg.

History Matters Blog. (2011). South African History. https://www.sahistory.org.za/ Accessed: 2021/03/05.

Ikejiaku, B. (2009). Political Corruption and Conflict in Apartheid and Post-apartheid South Africa: The implications on economic development. Crime, poverty, Political Science and International Relations, 3 (10), 451-459.

Kosas, H, & Solomon, H. (2013). Xenophobia in South Africa: Reflections, Narratives and Recommendations. Southern African Peace and Security Studies, 2 (2), 5-30.

Lephakga, T. (2017). Colonial institutionalisation of poverty among blacks in South Africa. Studia Hist. Ecc. 43 (2), 1-15.

Majoni, W K. (2014).The vulnerability factors to HIV transmission among long distance truck drivers working from Windhoek, Namibia. Masters Dissertation. Stellenbosch: University of Stellenbosch.

Mnyaka, L. (2003). Xenophobia as a Response to Foreigners in Post-Apartheid South Africa and Post-Exilic Israel: A Comparative Critique in the Light of the Gospel and Ubuntu Ethical Principles, Doctoral Thesis. Pretoria: University of South Africa.

Montle, M.E. (2020). Examining the Effects of Black Tax and Socio-economic Isolation of the Black Middle-class in South Africa through the study of Skeem Saam. African Journal of Development Studies, 10 (3), 235-252.

Montle, M.E. (2020). Rethinking the rainbow nation as an exponent for nation-building in the post-apartheid era: A successful or failed project? Journal of Nation-Building and Policy Studies, 4 (2),7-20.

Montle, M.E., Mogoboya, M.J. & Modiba M.C. (2019). Exploring Bluetooth Drug Craze and Substance Abuse in South Africa: A Moral Model Approach. Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa, 8 (3), 149-167.

Mpe, P. (2001). Welcome to Our Hillbrow. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press.

Negash, G. (2011). Introduction to Welcome to Our Hillbrow: A Novel of Post-apartheid South Africa, Ohio, Ohio University Press.

Pace Magazine. (1999). https://www.pacemag.ca/Accessed: 2021/03/05.

Padraig. O. (2015). Chapter 13: Chronology of Apartheid Legislation 1. O'Malley: The Heart of Hope. Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory.

Radebe, N. Z. (2012). A Study of Sexual Relationships as a Form of Social Institution in Post-apartheid South Africa, Johannesburg, University of Witwatersrand.

Rafapa, L.J. & Mahori, F. (2011). Exorcising the ghost of the past: The abandonment of obsession with apartheid in Mpe’s Welcome to Our Hillbrow. Tydskrif Vir Letterkunde, 48 (2),155-170.

Rafapa, L. (2014). Post-apartheid Transnationalism in Black South African Literature: a reality or a fallacy? 51 (4), 47-73.

Rafapa, L. & Masemola, K., 2014, Representations of the National and Transnational in Phaswane Mpe’s Welcome to Our Hillbrow. Alternation, 21 (2), 83 – 98.

Sall, T. L. (2018). The rainbow myth: Dreaming of a post-racial South African Society. Ocassional paper 73. Institute for Global Dialogue (IGD).

Terreblanche, S. (2002). A History of Inequality in South Africa: 1652-2002. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.10n.5p.80

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2022 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.